Wagner Notes

Paul Du Quenoy
December 2021

Wagner’s only mature comic opera returned to the Met this season, in a six-performance revival of the Schenk/Schneider-Siemssen gorgeous storybook production, which premiered here in 1993. Pre-pandemic rumors held that it was due for replacement by a more abstract European production favored by management. But with much of the rest of the company’s Wagner repertoire now dubiously entrusted to François Girard, and a prospective new Ring Cycle by Richard Jones now unfolding at London’s English National Opera, already described as “bleak,” we can be grateful for whatever budget cuts allowed this Meistersinger to survive.

The production has aged well, and its vibrant return after a seven-year absence was a landmark revival and one of the highlights of the Met’s new season. Musically, it met the mark. The energy on stage, in this as in other productions earlier this season, has been palpable, as the company roster and soloists returned to full employment for the first time in 18 months. Despite dire predictions of mass departures and serious labor disruptions (the Met’s orchestra lost 11 of its 96 full-time members), the company reached what appear to be durable deals with its nineteen unions. The revival featured the glorious Norwegian soprano Lise Davidsen in only her second role with the company, with much more coming her way. Later this season, she will sing the title role in Richard Strauss’s Ariadne auf Naxos and Chrysothemis in his Elektra. The revival also featured the long overdue return to the podium of Sir Antonio Pappano, music director of the Royal Opera House, who had only conducted one production at the Met, Robert Carsen’s austere Eugene Onegin, way back in 1997.

Pappano’s return also marked the first time since 1985 that someone other than the Met’s late music director James Levine conducted Meistersinger. Comparisons are inevitable. Levine’s approach was invitingly meditative without sacrificing an authoritative orchestral line that evoked the finest traditions of Wagnerian conducting. Pappano’s reading of the score was more buoyant – dare one say upbeat? – and only enhanced the opera’s color and powerful sense of movement. In some ways it drew out the work’s humor and irony with greater aplomb than a more classic approach might offer. The orchestra and the 149-strong chorus, under Met Chorus Master Donald Palumbo, delivered a performance reaching the company’s highest standards. The Act III “Wach’ auf” chorus, which introduces the song contest at the opera’s heart, resonated with a clarion nobility.

Davidsen’s Eva, the prize of the opera’s song contest who desperately hopes to be won by the knight Walther von Stolzing, had an appealingly gentle quality, but her powerful technique lost nothing as the evening, which began at 6:00 pm, soldiered on toward midnight. Her strongest singing built on triumphs scored earlier in the evening. At just 34, her alluring middle register resounded with a solidity that portends a stratospheric future.

She was well matched with the German tenor Klaus Florian Vogt, whose voice may once have sat a bit too high for the sturdier Wagner parts. Long the Lohengrin of choice for many, Vogt’s instrument has darkened and thickened in ways that have led him to several other Wagner roles.

Michael Volle reigns internationally in the role of Hans Sachs and brought a rough and ready characterization to the historic poet. This is a man who knows the world, its problems, and its hurts, and Volle resisted the temptation to reduce the part to a dreamy wizard. Volle’s performance held firm nearly until the end, when understandable exhaustion in this longest of all baritone parts caused him to flag on the opera’s ending declamation glorifying die heilige deutsche Kunst.

Luxuriously cast supporting roles sustained the momentum. Johannes Martin Kränzle sang a full voiced but suitably nerdy Beckmesser, delivering his irritating qualities without taking the part into earlier and uglier interpretations. The stentorian bass Georg Zeppenfeld sang a noble Pogner, Eva’s duty-bound father. David and Magdalena, whose romance is a foil to the central one uniting Walther and Eva, can seem superfluous if left to lesser talents, but the able American tenor Paul Appleby and the impressive German mezzo Claudia Mahnke brought them into focus. Alexander Tsymbalyuk, who has sung Boris Godunov on European stages, made a solid impression as the Nightwatchman who imposes order on Nuremberg, or tries to. Mark Delavan, a past Wotan with other companies and a frequent Verdi baritone here at the Met, was notably present in the smaller part of Konrad Nachtigall, Sachs’s fellow mastersinger, as was the fine German baritone Martin Gantner in the role of Fritz Kothner.

The only disappointment was in the audience size. The revival’s first performance reportedly filled just 57% of the seats. The situation had not much improved by the third performance, which I attended, with row after row of empty places. Everyone seems to have an explanation. Some operagoers might not care to sit through six hours of Wagner mandatorily en masque as the pandemic continues (all persons entering the Met must also show proof of full vaccination). For most of the run, travel restrictions barred foreign visitors, who used to flock to New York to go to Wagner productions staged in a traditional idiom, but who may not be eager to return for a while, as the pandemic continues. Critics of the Met’s management continue to find the company’s marketing uninspired, its prices too high, and its atmosphere stale and lugubrious. Many New Yorkers, especially among the older demographic that largely supplies the Met’s traditional hometown audience, remain virus-shy. And, it needs to be said, due to certain political, social, and economic realities, significant numbers of that traditional hometown audience are no longer New Yorkers. (It was reported that 20% of the Met audience is composed of foreign travelers.)

While the evening’s artistic achievement was magnificent, I left the theater close to the stroke of midnight wondering for the first time in my life how many more evenings like this can realistically be had.

© Wagner Notes, December 2021, a publication of the Wagner Society of New York. All rights reserved.

Paul Du Quenoy,

a private investor, holds a PhD in History from Georgetown University and is President and Publisher of Academica Press.